History of TCM


Chinese medicine was born in primitive society, the Spring and Autumn Warring States theory of Traditional Chinese medicine has been basically formed, there have been anatomy and medical sub-disciplines, has adopted the "four diagnoses", the treatment methods include stone, acupuncture, soup medicine, moxibustion, guidance, cloth qi, Zhu You and so on. The Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic, one of the four classic works of traditional Chinese medicine, is also the earliest medical classic in China's medical treasure house. At the same time, it is a medical masterpiece that studies human physiology, pathology, diagnostics, therapeutic principles and pharmacology. In theory, the "Five Elements Theory of Yin and Yang", "Pulse Theory", "Tibetan Elephant Theory", "Meridian Theory", "Etiology Theory", "Disease Mechanism Theory", "Disease", "Diagnosis Method", "Treatment" and "Health Science", "Luck Science" and other theories in Traditional Chinese medicine were established, and later Chinese medicine and health care began to use the five elements of yin and yang to explain human physiology, and "medical workers", golden needles, copper keys, etc. appeared. It refers to the traditional medicine created by the Han Chinese people, which is a discipline that studies human physiology, pathology, and the diagnosis and prevention of diseases. 


In the Eastern Han Dynasty, the famous medical scientist Zhang Zhongjing appeared, who already had some understanding of the "Eight Principles" (Yin and Yang, Appearance, Virtual Reality, Cold and Heat) and summarized the "Eight Laws". Hua Tuo was known for his proficiency in surgery and anesthesia, and also founded the aerobics "Five Birds Play". In the Tang Dynasty, Sun Simiao summarized the theories and experiences of his predecessors, collected more than 5,000 prescriptions, and adopted dialectical treatment, because of the highest medical ethics, he was revered as the "king of medicine".

After the Tang Dynasty, a large number of Chinese medical theories and works spread to Goryeo, Japan, Central Asia, West Asia and other places. The medicine cave door of the Longmen Grottoes is engraved with many Tang Dynasty prescriptions, as many as 150 kinds, and most of the drugs used are plant, animal and mineral medicines. Prescriptions involve internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, otorhinolaryngology, etc., and the medicinal materials involved can be found in the folk, which is largely convenient for the people. These prescriptions can not only treat common diseases, but also treat intractable diseases, such as choking treatment can treat esophageal cancer. Among them, 95 fangs were included in the "Healing Heart Formula" by a Japanese scholar in the 10th century AD, which shows its value and influence. The prescription of The Medicine Cave is the earliest surviving stone carving in China, which has played an important role in the study of Chinese medicine. During the Two Song Dynasties, the Song government established the Hanlin Medical College, which was close to complete in medical divisions, and unified the disorder of acupuncture points caused by Chinese acupuncture due to copying, and published the "Tujing".
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